Who Killed Whom?
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The assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri constitutes a milestone in the course of Lebanese history. After his murder, Lebanon was thrust into an era of 'international justice,' forcing the country to address the question of "Who Killed Whom?"

We can safely state that political assassinations are closely connected to the modern history of Lebanon. The “execution” of Antun Saadeh is regarded by his followers as an “assassination”, and the “assassination” of Riyad as-Solh is interpreted by its perpetrators as an “execution”. These two most distant Lebanese extremes represent the interpretation of a single deed: killing for a political purpose. Between these extremes is a rainbow of individuals’ blood, Lebanese and non-Lebanese, flowing before the “war”, during it, and afterwards, until today. The people whose blood was spilled did not live equally, nor did they die equally, and nor are they equal in how they are commemorated today, or in the consequences their death resulted in. Despite that, not one of them was killed “accidentally”, so to say, and not one of them does not have a place of political, military, security or cultural expression, in this group or those groups of the “war” - the war in the broadest sense of the word, the “continuous war”, until the last notice… In its current form, this section of Memory at Work offers, besides a chronology of dozens of political assassinations, a collection of articles on all assassinations and their victims. In order to facilitate research, this section includes the names of the victims of the assassinations, in alphabetical order, on the right side of the page. The reader can click on one of these names to open the page focusing on that particular person.

 

Ordinary Days of Murder
1975
19 Oct, 2012
1976
10 July, 2008
25 Jan, 2008
1977
19 July, 2007
13 June, 2007
1978
1979
12 Dec, 2005
George Hawi
21 June, 2005
02 June, 2005
08 Apr, 2005
14 Feb, 2005
1980
19 July, 2004
July 19, 2004
1981
1982
16 Aug, 1999
08 June, 1999
08 June, 1999
08 June, 1999
08 June, 1999
June 8, 1999
1983
1984
1985
03 May, 1993
1986
02 Sep, 1992
11 Aug, 1992
30 June, 1992
1987
24 Dec, 1991
22 May, 1991
1988
21 Oct, 1990
19 Jan, 1990
1989
22 Nov, 1989
21 Sep, 1989
31 Aug, 1989
09 Feb, 1989
February 9, 1989
1990
1991
1992
29 Sep, 1986
19 Sep, 1986
24 Feb, 1986
24 Feb, 1986
20 Feb, 1986
09 Feb, 1986
1993
23 Dec, 1985
02 Dec, 1985
08 July, 1985
03 June, 1985
04 Mar, 1985
04 Mar, 1985
19 Feb, 1985
17 Jan, 1985
1994
14 Feb, 1984
1995
03 Dec, 1983
1999
14 Sep, 1982
26 Apr, 1982
23 Apr, 1982
15 Apr, 1982
22 Mar, 1982
16 Mar, 1982
13 Jan, 1982
Rabeh Kharwaa
13 Jan, 1982
2002
20 Dec, 1981
17 Dec, 1981
07 Dec, 1981
04 Sep, 1981
16 Aug, 1981
29 June, 1981
28 Mar, 1981
2004
2005
2006
13 June, 1978
07 June, 1978
2007
16 Mar, 1977
2008
31 July, 1976
16 June, 1976
27 May, 1976
01 Apr, 1976
2012
20 Dec, 1975
22 Oct, 1975
06 Mar, 1975
Title: Funeral for Salim al-Lawzi in Beirut Amid Official, Popular Damnation
Subtitle: Press Clings to its Freedom
Source & Date: an-Nahar, March 6, 1980
 
Title: Positions Condemn the Assassination, Responsibility for Shaking of Stability Placed on Israel
Source & Date: an-Nahar, May 21, 2002
 
Title: ‘Islamic Meeting’ Condemns Assassination of Khuresh
Subtitle: Demand to end surge in crimes and restoration of legitimacy in positions of power
Source & Date: an-Nahar, May 5, 1988
 
Title: Skaff Condemns Shelling and Shia Shrine [Husseiniyeh] Bombing
Source & Date: an-Nahar, March 5, 1985
 
Title: Fatah in Lebanon Condemns Maarake Massacre and Egyptian Move
Source & Date: an-Nahar, March 6, 1985
 
Title: Three Suspects under Investigation for Assassination of Jebril
Source & Date: an-Nahar, May 21, 2002
 
Title: Condemnation of Assassination, Responsibility for Shaking of Stability Placed on Israel
Source & Date: an-Nahar, May 21, 2002
 
Title: While Pacification Efforts in the North Continue
Subtitle: Burial of Kataeb official in private, Kataeb satisfied with declaration of mourning today
Source & Date: as-Safir, June 9, 1978
 
Title: Arafat Denies Responsibility of Organization
Subtitle: Assassination of Gemayel is continuation of conspiracy
Source & Date: an-Nahar, September 16, 1982
 
Title: Questions on Significance of Timing, Extent of Connection to Political Scene
Subtitle: Assassination of Gemayel alters the facts… what will the implications be?
Author: Samir Mansour
Source & Date: an-Nahar, November 22, 2006
 
 
Title: Accident in Saida, General Atmosphere Cancels Parliamentary Conference
Source & Date: an-Nahar, February 27, 1975
 
Title: Assassination of Tony Franjieh in Ehden: Is this an attempt to assassinate Lebanon’s Unity?
Source & Date: al-Hawadeth, June 16, 1978
 
Title: Shia High Council Demands Crime Referred to Tribunal
Source & Date: an-Nahar, July 27, 1980
 
Title: Anniversary of René Moawad Assassination in Zgharta
Subtitle: Unjustly treated: Reconciliation is First Goal
Source & Date: an-Nahar, November 24, 2003
 
Title: Fatfat: I Warned Him 3 Weeks before Assassination
Source & Date: an-Nahar, November 25, 2006
 
Title: Maarouf Saad: From Freedom Fighter to Martyr
Source & Date: al-Balad, February 26, 2008
 
 
 
The organization, its activities and its vision for Lebanon
Acknowledging Lebanon’s past demands that historical evidence and artifacts be collected, protected and publicized. Using a variety of tools, UMAM D&R examines Lebanon’s past to contribute  to the ongoing debate about its collective memory.